The government did not encourage trafficking victims to assist in the investigation or prosecution of traffickers and did not provide witness support services.
It did not provide foreign trafficking victims legal alternatives to their removal to countries in which they may face hardship or retribution.
The government made no efforts to prevent its officials from recruiting Afghan men and boys through coercive means to serve in combat brigades deployed to Syria.
Courts accorded legal testimony by women only half the weight accorded to the testimony by men, thereby restricting female trafficking victims’ access to justice.
During the reporting period, officials reportedly detained and deported Afghan migrants, including children, who did not comply with coerced recruitment by Iranian officials to fight in Syria.
In December 2017, government officials in Tehran rounded up and detained in camps 300 Iranian and foreign street children, a population vulnerable to trafficking.
However, the government did not share information on its overall anti-trafficking efforts.
Trafficking victims reportedly continued to face severe punishment, including death, for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of being subjected to trafficking.