Chinese chronicles first mention the Tai peoples in the 6th century BCE.
While there are many assumptions regarding the origin of Tai peoples, David K.
While it joined the Allies in World War I, Thailand was an Axis satellite in World War II.
In the late 1950s, a military coup under Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat revived the monarchy's historically influential role in politics.
Thailand was renamed Siam from 1946 to 1948, after which it again reverted to "Thailand".
According to George Cœdès, the word Thai (ไทย) means 'free man' in the Thai language, "differentiating the Thai from the natives encompassed in Thai society as serfs".
In 2013, Thailand endured a political crisis that culminated in two coups and the establishment of its current and 20th constitution by a military junta.
The country has always been called Mueang Thai by its citizens.
The word Śyâma is possibly not its origin, but a learned and artificial distortion.
Another theory is the name derives from Chinese: "Ayutthaya emerged as a dominant centre in the late fourteenth century.
Documented European contact began in 1511 with a Portuguese diplomatic mission to Ayutthaya, now one of the great powers in the region.
Ayutthaya reached its peak during cosmopolitan Narai's reign (1656–1688), gradually declining thereafter until being ultimately destroyed in the 1767 Burmese–Siamese War. 1767–1782) quickly reunified the fragmented territory and established the short-lived Thonburi Kingdom.